Dadasaheb Phalke

RealnameDhundiraj Govind Phalke
30.04.1870 *
Place of BirthTrymbakeshwar (Maharashtra)
16.02.1944 †

Dadasaheb Phalke is referred to as the father of Indian cinema. Though many newsreels and filmings of stage plays had been shot between 1896 and 1912, Phalke was the first one to make an independent feature film. Phalke was an educated man, who read Sanskrit and had studied architecture and painting. He longed to bring Indian mythology on to the screen and finally made his first feature film Raja Harishchandra.

Phalke also made trick films including Birth of a Pea Plant and documentaries. As early as 1917 he shot How Films Are Made to explain and demostrate the process of filmmaking to the public. Phalke experimented with camera and editing techniques and constantly enlargened his repertoire. He made over 70 films and was an allrounder, who worked on script, production, direction, shooting and editing of his films himself. His biggest successes where the mythologial films Lanka Dahan, Shri Krishna Janam and Kaliya Mardan.

In the 1920s film production in India increased enormously and very soon the father of Indian cinema was forgotten. Phalke made another movie called Setu Bandhan in 1931. But 1931 was the release of India's first talkie Alam Ara and silent movies were not successful anymore. Therefore Setu Bandhan was dubbed and released as a talkie in 1934. Dadasaheb Phalke's last movie Gangavataran was released in 1937, but the film did not appeal to the audience. Though today Dadasaheb Phalke is widely known as the founder of Indian cinema and the prestigious Dadasaheb Phalke Award bears his name, he died a forgotten man in 1944.

Filmographie

As Director

  1. Gangavataran, 1937
  2. Setu Bandhan, 1934
  3. Setu Bandhan, 1931
  4. Bolki Tapeli, 1929
  5. Chandrahasa, 1929
  6. Kacha Devayani, 1929
  7. Malti Madhav, 1929
  8. Malvikagni Mitra, 1929
  9. Sant Mirabai, 1929
  10. Vasantsena, 1929
  11. Bhakta Damaji, 1928
  12. Kumari Millche Shuddhikaran, 1928
  13. Parashuram, 1928
  14. Shri Krishna Shishtai, 1928
  15. Bhakta Sudama, 1927
  16. Draupadi Vastraharan, 1927
  17. Hanuman Janma, 1927
  18. Nala Damayanti, 1927
  19. Rukamangada Mohini, 1927
  20. Rukmini Haran, 1927
  21. Balaji Nimbalkar, 1926
  22. Bhakta Prahlad, 1926
  23. Dhanurbhanga, 1926
  24. Janaki Swayamvar, 1926
  25. Nasik Panjarpole, 1926
  26. Sant Eknath, 1926
  27. Chaturthicha Chanda, 1925
  28. Ellora Caves, 1925
  29. Ganesh Utsav, 1925
  30. Hidimb Bajkasur Vadha, 1925
  31. Kakashebanchya Dolyat Jhanjhanit Anjan, 1925
  32. Khandalyacha Ghat, 1925
  33. Khod Modli, 1925
  34. Satyabhama, 1925
  35. Simantak Mani, 1925
  36. Vachan Bhang, 1925
  37. Verulachi Korivleni, 1925
  38. Vichitra Shilpa, 1925
  39. Municipal Elections, 1924
  40. Shivajichi Agryahun Sutaka, 1924
  41. Vinchucha Dansha, 1924
  42. Ashwathama, 1923
  43. Babruwahan, 1923
  44. Bird's Eye View of Bodh Gaya, 1923
  45. Buddha Dev, 1923
  46. Guru Dronacharya, 1923
  47. Indian National Congress, 1923
  48. Jarasandha Vadha, 1923
  49. Mahananda, 1923
  50. The Thirty-Seventh Gaya Congress, 1923
  51. Gajandravache Bhagya, 1922
  52. Patwardhan's Royal Circus, 1922
  53. Rajrishi Ambarish, 1922
  54. Sant Namdev, 1922
  55. Kaliya Mardan, 1919
  56. Sinhasta Parvani, 1919
  57. Shri Krishna Janam, 1918
  58. Fun with Matchsticks, 1917
  59. How Films Are Made, 1917
  60. Lanka Dahan, 1917
  61. Raja Harishchandra, 1917
  62. Dhumrapaan Leela, 1916
  63. Kartiki Purnima Utsav, 1916
  64. Laxmicha Galicha, 1916
  65. Professor Kelpha's Magic, 1916
  66. Soulagnarasa, 1916
  67. Swapna Vihar, 1916
  68. Talegaoncha Kach Karkhana, 1915
  69. Nasik Trimbak Yethil Dekhave, 1914
  70. Satyavan Savitri, 1914
  71. Scenes of the River Godavari, 1914
  72. Birth of a Pea Plant, 1913
  73. Mohini Bhasmasur, 1913
  74. Pithache Panje, 1913
  75. Raja Harishchandra, 1913

As Producer

  1. Lanka Dahan, 1917
  2. Mohini Bhasmasur, 1913
  3. Raja Harishchandra, 1913